There are tons of factors that you have to take into account when creating a website. Website accessibility is one of them. There are specific guidelines to follow to make a website accessible to all users. You might hire a web accessibility company to follow the procedures required for ADA compliance.
So, you might wonder how to follow the web accessibility guidelines on your website. This article will help you in this regard.
The Principles Of Website Accessibility Guideline
The WCAG’s initial edition wasn’t published until 2008. However, website accessibility guidelines have existed for nearly as long as the web. The WCAG 2.0 specification outlines these four guidelines for ensuring ADA compliance on your website:
The perceivable principle means that users must be able to understand content by using their senses (hearing, sight, or touch). Some people could experience difficulties using any of these senses. Thus, they need technology to help them navigate the website. For instance, adding ALT tags on photos might help site visitors explain the picture to the consumer.
The operable principle discusses how people use the internet to browse. Some users use a keyboard rather than a mouse while navigating a website. So, one must ensure that users can accomplish all functions (such as filling out forms, browsing, etc.) using just a keyboard when optimizing a website for optimal operability.
Thanks to this, users can navigate through options, tab forms, and links and use keyboard shortcuts. The crucial lesson from this rule is that one user may access an area of the website just with a keyboard. And they must also be capable of leaving that section solely with a keyboard.
The content on your website must use precise wording to guarantee that it is understandable. For assistive devices to correctly deliver the material to users, they must comprehend all terms on your website.
So, avoid using odd or irregular functions to ensure that site readers can effectively communicate your information to users. It will be highly challenging for assistive technology devices to share these activities if the website keeps refreshing and changing content frequently.
The website must comply with the “robust” criteria too. All your materials should be consistently accessible across the broadest range of assistive technology. However, it considers current and expected future technological advancements. So, it is one of the most challenging principles.
How To Follow Website Accessibility Guidelines?
There are several steps to ensure that your website follows the web accessibility guidelines. The following are some of the ways to follow:
- Include Non-text Alternatives
To ensure ADA web design, one may require text descriptions for every non-text information to explain its content to viewers who are blind. It generally refers to visual material, including emoticons, CAPTCHAs, and ASCII art.
Image alt text, sometimes referred to as alternative text, is the most popular way to explain photos. It is a brief explanation appended to the image’s HTML code that describes what it symbolizes. Consider how you would explain the picture to a person in the chat while writing the alt text.
- Give Viewers A Variety Of Ways To Consume Media Content
We refer to sound-visual files as time-based content. Since any music or video on your website was probably pre-recorded, you must upload them with other file types. Your visitors with auditory or vision impairment will be able to view the material thanks to these formats.
- Produce Material That One May Watch On Several Platforms
The 1.4 guidelines of the WCAG relate to the organization of pages and connections between components. To ensure accessible website development, we can use proper HTML code while coding for the website, which might help eliminate some of the issues. We can quickly and easily implement appropriate HTML code into websites using the WYSIWYG editor.
- Allow Users To Access Every Function With Keyboards
Not every user can operate a mouse, and therefore, a website’s functions should be accessible through the keyboard. There are a variety of people that have trouble using a mouse. People that have Parkinson’s disease have issues with fine motor skills and are unable to use a mouse. People with muscular spasms and strained hands often have a hard time using a mouse.
- Assist In Case The User Commits Mistakes
Everybody occasionally has to fill out forms on web pages, and we often make mistakes. We can prevent or fix users’ errors by providing filling-out-form tips and detailed messages about the error. It will be a great way to make sure of web accessibility remediation.
By now, you should have a clear understanding of the guidelines for web accessibility and how to follow them. However, a professional may only follow the standards correctly. So, if you’re considering hiring a web accessibility company, don’t hesitate to contact ADA for Web.
We will ensure that your website follows all the principles of website accessibility. Thanks for reading through.